Celera Motion’s MicroE Optical Encoders offer standard hubs for each of our standard gratings. Should a customer want to design a hub themselves, these guidelines describe the key factors to incorporate into the design.

Once the hub design has been completed, we recommend that the hub drawing be sent to the MicroE Applications Engineering group for review.

After the hub has been manufactured, it can be sent to MicroE to have the grating mounted. The customer can also mount the grating to the hub themselves. However, if the grating is not mounted correctly to the hub, the accuracy of the encoder system will be compromised. The “Alignment of Rotary Scales” Tech Note provides for further information on mounting rotary gratings.


Exploded View of Hub, Grating, and Mounting Clamp

Exploded view of Hub, Grating and Mounting Clamp - Figure 1

The illustration above shows how grating is clamped to the hub for the mounting and aligning progress.

Recommended Features

MicroE recommends three basic features of a hub for rotary encoder gratings:


Hub Design

We strongly recommend mounting the scale with the grating pattern surface contacting the mounting surface of the hub. Mounting the scale in this manner eliminates all variation in grating thickness that can be as much as +/- 0.008 inches (+/- 0.20 mm) from the Z-axis alignment of the sensor head to the grating pattern.


Recommended orientation of grating - Figure 2

The illustration above shows the recommended orientation of grating and the hub where the grating’s pattern surface is contacting the hub’s mounting surface.


Acceptable orientation of grating - Figure 3

The illustration above shows the less desirable grating orientation where the back of the grating is contacting the hub’s mounting surface. This orientation will include the variations that can occur from one grating to the next into the Z-axis alignment tolerance and may necessitate the addition of either Z-axis sensor adjustment or axial hub adjustment into the encoder mounting design.


Verify that there is sufficient clearance between the OD of the hub and the ID of the grating. The radial gap between grating and hub shoulder should be 0.018 -0.00/+ 0.004 inches (0.46 -0.00 /+0.10 mm).

Radial gap between grating and hub shoulder - Figure 4


If it is not possible to mount the grating pattern surface (pattern side) facing the mounting surface of the hub (see #1 on the previous page), avoid making contact with the grating directly underneath the optical pattern. Laser light reflected off the hub can increase the noise level at the sensor head.

Mounting grating pattern surface - Recommended and Acceptable - Figure 5


If possible, the shoulders on either side of the epoxy groove should have a minimum width of 0.079 inches (2 mm).



Verify depth and width of the epoxy groove.

Note: An undercut at the shoulder is recommended to prevent any radius at the inside corner upon which the grating ID might ride up during centering.






Bottom of epoxy groove should have a rough finish. If the surface is very smooth, the epoxy will not adhere properly and the bond between the grating and the hub may be compromised.

Hub shoulder width - Figure 7
Hub shoulder width - Figure 7


The hub’s shoulder should be at least 0.12 inches (3.1 mm) wide to allow sufficient clearance for mounting screws.


Verify that the sizes of the three threaded mounting holes are correct (see table below).


Verify that the number of epoxy holes is correct (see table below).


Epoxy groove

Epoxy Groove DiameterNumber of Epoxy HolesEpoxy Hole SizeNumber of Tapped HolesThread Size
Up to 0.42 (up to 10.7)None.062 (1.55)None
0.42 to 0.7 (10.7 to 17.8)3.062 (1.55)30 - 80 UNC (M1.7)
0.7 to 1.2 (17.8 to 30.5)3.062 (1.55)32.56 UNC (M2)
1.2 to 2.2 (30.5 to 55.9)3.062 (1.55)38.32 UNC (M4.2)
Above 2.2 (55.9)3.062 (1.55)38.32 UNC (M4.2)


Note: For very large hubs, epoxy injection holes should be no more than 1 inch apart.

Mounting hub - Figure 9


Note*: Although aluminium is acceptable, notice the increased CTE mismatch to the grating:

Hub Design Checklist

The following checklist is a summary of the guidelines in this Tech Note:

The grating reference surface (pattern side) is contacting the hub’s mounting surface (choose one):

Yes (recommended)  No (not recommended)

Contacting Celera Motion

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